According to the leading scientific body of knowledge, we must always work towards sustainability in all our activities. The major objective of sustainable development is to provide a healthy and viable future for future generations. To achieve sustainability, we need to learn from the experiences of other civilizations. From these perspectives, sustainable development must encompass four basic types of societies: traditional cultures, organic, biophysical, and social sustainability.
Traditional cultures are those which are ‘functional.’ This means that they live according to the teachings of their cultures. They do not attempt to please others, but rather to achieve satisfaction and happiness for themselves through work and to provide justice and peace for their communities. In contrast, modern cultures are hierarchical. A typical hierarchy includes a group of authorities who command, manipulate and direct people based on what they believe is right.
Organic and social sustainability are different. Organic sustainability emphasizes environmental quality, including healthy soil, clean water, wildlife, forests, etc.
Biophysical sustainability focuses on vital assets that sustain life on earth, such as air, food, energy, etc. On the other hand, social sustainability involves institutions that provide social justice, protection, and safety. However, to fully understand the importance of different categories of sustainability, it is important to understand why and how the word sustainability was invented. Global capitalism has caused most of the problems of modern times, including environmental degradation, poverty, inequality, and conflict.
The main cause of the rise in world hunger, disease, and starvation has been the spread of many economies with high rates of carbon emissions, such as China, India, and the US. This makes it very hard for our economic system to solve the root causes of these problems. Global capitalism also causes greenhouse gases, which have further contributed to the problems, as they cannot be removed by economic means.
Today, we need to re-think our approaches to sustainable development and find ways of not only helping the poor and middle class but also helping economic systems survive and thrive, too. In order to do this, the four basic categories of sustainability must be addressed.
Organic sustainability refers to the use of materials that can be recycled and reused for new products. We must use such materials that will be beneficial to our environment. Organically produced products are also safer than ones made with chemicals and by using organic resources, we contribute to a better world.
Organic sustainability and stability seeks to reduce stress levels in the environment, such as pollution, deforestation, and consumption of fossil fuels, which have serious negative effects on our children’s health. By removing unnecessary materials from our lives, we can help the planet while protecting our children. For example, instead of using plastic bottles for soft-drinks, we could use reusable glass or steel bottles.
Organic sustainability is about being a “good steward” of Mother Nature. It focuses on upholding and adhering to sustainable resource management principles and supporting family farms. It works towards sustainable livelihoods that promote unceasing lifestyles.
Biophysical sustainability focuses on preserving biological diversity while respecting the rights of local communities. It calls for self-reliance and self-governance. It promotes greater harmony between humans and nature, and protects the environment and people from harmful chemicals.
Social sustainability is the creation of jobs that provide income security for people. With social jobs, people have a stake in their communities, their communities are respected, and the environment is protected. Social jobs also assist families, communities, and economic growth.
If we are to have sustainable societies, we must protect these four kinds of sustainability and create meaningful job opportunities for people

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